Tax-related identity theft occurs when a thief uses someone’s stolen Social Security number to file a tax return and claim a fraudulent refund.
You may be subject to tax identity theft if the following apply:
- More than one tax return being filed using the taxpayer’s SSN.
- Additional tax owed.
- A refund offset.
- Collection actions taken against the taxpayer for a year when they did not file a tax return.
- IRS records indicating they received wages or other income from an employer for whom the taxpayer did not work.
If you are a victim of tax identity theft, you should:
- File a complaint with the FTC at identitytheft.gov.
- Contact one of the three major credit bureaus to place a fraud alert on your credit records.
- Contact your financial institutions to close any financial or credit accounts opened without permission or that were tampered with by identity thieves.
- Respond immediately to any IRS notice and call the number provided in the letter.
- Complete IRS Form 14039, Identity Theft Affidavit.
Remember that the IRS does not initiate contact with taxpayers by email to request personal or financial information.
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